Cross-Reference Groups: a-az
From time to time, new units are added to this cross-reference
list that have been “completed”; that is, with as many definitions
as can be found or with a significant number of vocabulary examples.
There are many more words in the cross references than those that are shown
in this list; but, they are “works in progress” or incomplete (without
a-, ab-, abs– (Latin: from, away, away from; used as a prefix).
a-, an– (Greek: no, absence of, without, lack of, not; used as a prefix).
abacus (Hebrew > Greek > Latin > Middle English: dust).
–able (Latin: a suffix).
abdomino-, abdomi-, abdomen- (Latin: belly, venter [the use of “stomach”
is considered incorrect for this element]).
abluto-, ablut- (Latin: a washing [especially as a ritual], cleansing).
abort-, aborti- (Latin: miscarry, pass away, perish by an untimely birth).
abysso-, abyss-, abys- (Greek > Latin: Greek [abussoz], a-, “no”
plus bussos, “bottom” through Latin [abyssus] no bottom, bottomless).
acerbo-, acerb- (Latin: bitter, sharp, sour, stinging).
achillo-, achill-, Achilles (Greek > Latin: tendon at the
back of the heel).
aco-, aceo– (Greek: remedy, cure).
acous-, acou-, acouo-, acoustico-, acouto-, acousti-, -acousia, -acousis, -acoustical,
acu- (Greek: hearing, listening, of or for hearing).
–acro, acr– (Greek: high, highest, highest point; top, tip end, outermost;
extreme; extremity of the body).
adelpho-, adelph-, –adelphia, –adelphous (Greek:
–adeno-, aden– (Greek: gland(s), glandular [from “acorn”]).
adipo-, adip-, adipos– (Latin: fat, lard; of or pertaining
to fat; fleshy).
aeluro-, aelur-, ailuro-, ailouro-, ailur-, eluro–
aeolo-, aeol– (Latin: air, wind; rapid, quick).
–aero, aer– (Greek: air, mist, wind).
aesculus– (Latin: ancient name of an Italian oak; now applied to the horse
aesth-, esth-, aesthe-, esthe-, aesthesio-, esthesio-, aesthesia-, -esthesia, -aesthetic,
-esthetic, -aesthetical, -esthetical, -aesthetically, -esthetically (Greek:
feeling, sensation, perception).
agape– (Greek > Latin: love feast of the early Christians; love, love
feast; to love).
agglutino-, aggluto-, agglutin– (Latin: ad-, “to,
toward, near” plus gluten, glutinis, “glue, beeswax”).
agora-, –gor– (Greek: assembly, market place; open space, public
speaking; originally, “to unite”).
agra– (Greek > Latin: pertaining to land or fields).
agrosto-, agrost– (Greek: wild grass; grass).
agryp– (Greek: sleeplessness, wakefulness; originally it meant “sleeping
in the field”).
aigialo-, aigial-, aigi– (Greek: beach, seashore; and also
ala-, ali-, al– (Latin: wing).
albo-, alb-, –albify (Latin: the color white).
aletho-, aleth– (Greek: true; nothing concealed; real [from a-,
“no, nothing” and letho-, “forgetfullness, oblivion”]).
alga [s.], algae [pl.], alg– (Latin: seaweed).
algesi-, alge-, alges-, algesio-, algo-, alg-,
algio-, –algesia, –algesic, –algetic, –algic,
–algia, –algy (Greek: pain, sense of pain; painful; hurt).
algo-, alg– (Greek: pain).
allanto-, allant– (Greek: sausage).
allelo-, allel– (Greek: one another, of one another; literally, “the
other”; reciprocally; in mutual relation).
allotrio– , allotri– (Greek: different, of or belonging to another;
foreign, strange; abnormal; perverse).
amatho-, amath-, amathi– (Greek: sand [dust]).
ambi-, amb– (Latin: both, on both sides; around, about).
amblyo-, ambly– (Greek: dull, dullness, dim, dimness, blunt; stupid).
ambo– (Latin: both; the two).
amni– (Latin: stream of water, river).
–andro-, andr-, -ander, -andra, -andria, -andrian, -andric, -andrism, -androus, -andries,
-andry (Greek: man, male; as contrasted to woman; stamen or anther).
anima-, anim– (Latin: animal life; breath; soul; mind).
aniso-, anis– (Greek: unequal; by extension: unsymmetrical, uneven;
apodyso-, –apodys-, –dyso, –dys, –dysis (Greek:
undress, disrobe; take off, strip, lay bare; shed, molt).
aracho-, arachi-, araki– (Greek > Latin: legume; peanut).
arch-, archi– (Greek > Latin: chief, principal leader, first [in
position or rank]).
–arch, –archic, –archical, –archism, –archy (Greek:
govern, rule; ruler, chief [first in position]).
–arian (Latin: a suffix; a person who, a thing that; a person who is a part
of something, pertaining to one’s state or condition).
–ase (Greek: a suffix indicating an enzyme).
athero-, ather– (Greek: groats, porridge).
atmo-, atm– (Greek: vapor, steam; air, gas; respiration).
atrio-, atri– (Latin: entrance hall or chamber; upper heart chamber;
author– (Latin: master, leader; he/she who brings about [something]).